Govardhana Hill was about 16 miles (29 km) high 5,000 years ago.
Govardhana is formed in the shape of a peacock. Radha Kunda and
Syama Kunda are the eyes. Dan Ghati is its long neck. Mukharavinda
is the mouth and Punchari is its back and tail feathers. A peacock
often curves its neck and puts his head under its stomach. Govardhana
Hill is shaped in this pose of a peacock.
Due to the curse of Pulastya Muni, it is sinking the height of
a mustard seed daily. In Satya Yuga, Pulastya Muni approached
Dronacala, the king of the mountains, and asked him for his son
Govardhana. Dronacala was depressed and pleaded the sage that
he was unable to bear the separation from his son. Govardhana
then went with sage, under the condition that wherever the sage
would put him down, he would remain.
Pulastya Muni then took Govardhana and then started for his ashrama.
While passing through Braja Mandala he put Govardhana down to
answer the call of nature. On his return he found that he cannot
move Govardhana. He became very angry and then cursed Govardhana
to shrink to the size of mustard seed daily. At that time it was
115 km (64 miles) long, 72 km (40 miles) wide and 29 km (16 miles)
high. Now the hill is only 80 ft. high.
Another story about Govardhana Hill is that the monkey army of
Lord Rama was carrying different stones to construct a bridge
to Lanka. Hanuman was carrying Govardhana from Himalayas to help
built the bridge. As Hanuman was carrying Govardhana over Braja,
Nala and Neela, who were incharge of building the bridge declared
that it was completed and no more stones were needed. Hanuman
was in Braja Mandala and he put Govardhana there. Govardhana was
then lost in two ways. He was away from Lord Shiva and Lord Rama.
Rama heard about Govardhana crying and said that in Dawarpa Yuga
he would born as Sri Krishna and would hold Govardhana up for
seven days and nights to save the residents of Braja.